The Big Three
Indica, Sativa, and the Hybrid
When I first started smoking weed I had absolutely no idea that there were different types of it. I had no idea what differentiated the strains, the different effects it had on me, or anything about the plants in general. So during my few years of smoking here’s what I’ve learned:
Indica and Sativa are two of the most popular types of cannabis plants that are used for recreational and medicinal purposes. They have distinctive characteristics that set them apart, and understanding the difference between the two can help you choose the right strain for your needs.
Indica and Sativa: Physical Differences
Indica plants tend to be short and bushy with wide leaves. They typically grow to a height of 3-4 feet and have a higher yield than Sativa plants. Indica strains are known for their relaxing and sedative effects on the body, making them a popular choice for nighttime use.
Sativa plants, on the other hand, are tall and lanky with narrow leaves. They can grow up to 20 feet in height and have a lower yield than Indica plants. Sativa strains are known for their uplifting and energizing effects on the mind, making them a popular choice for daytime use.
Indica and Sativa: Chemical Differences
Indica strains tend to have higher levels of CBD (cannabidiol) and lower levels of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). CBD is a non-psychoactive compound that is known for its calming and relaxing effects. THC, on the other hand, is the psychoactive compound that produces the “high” associated with cannabis use.
Sativa strains tend to have higher levels of THC and lower levels of CBD. This results in a more cerebral and energetic high that is less sedative than Indica strains.
Indica and Sativa: Medical Uses
Indica strains are often used for their therapeutic effects, such as reducing anxiety and stress, relieving pain and inflammation, and improving sleep. They are also used to treat conditions such as multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, and Parkinson’s disease.
Sativa strains are often used for their uplifting and energizing effects, making them a popular choice for treating depression, anxiety, and ADHD. They are also used to treat conditions such as migraines, glaucoma, and nausea.
Indica and Sativa: Hybrid Strains
There are also hybrid strains that combine the characteristics of both Indica and Sativa plants. These strains are bred to create specific effects, such as a relaxing body high with an energizing mental high. Hybrid strains can be Indica-dominant, Sativa-dominant, or balanced, depending on the desired effects.
In conclusion, Indica and Sativa strains have different physical and chemical characteristics that result in different effects on the mind and body. Understanding the differences between the two can help you choose the right strain for your needs, whether you are using cannabis for recreational or medicinal purposes. It’s important to note that the effects of cannabis can vary depending on factors such as dosage, individual tolerance, and method of consumption. If you are new to cannabis use, start with a low dose and work your way up to find the right strain and dosage for you.